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Dartmouth Medical Milestones

1797Dartmouth's "Medical Department" founded when founder Nathan Smith delivered first lecture, Nov. 22
1811Dartmouth opens the nation's first building to use solely for medical education
1820First US pharmacopeia published to standardize drug therapies, based on chemistry experiments and lectures at Dartmouth
1824First successful tying of carotid artery
1838Oliver Wendell Holmes, poet-physician joined faculty and introduced use of stethoscope to US medical curriculum
1846Anesthesia introduced to Northern New England when used in Hanover
1893Mary Hitchcock Memorial Hospital opened and became a Dartmouth teaching hospital
1896First clinical x-ray in America performed to diagnose a broken arm
1927The Hitchcock Clinic established
1946White River Junction VA affiliation initiated
1955Nation's first MULTISPECIALTY intensive care unit (ICU) established at Mary Hitchcock Memorial Hospital
1957Standard technique for total ear reconstruction developed
1961The Brattleboro rat, a laboratory model for diabetes insipidus, discovered
1972Norris Cotton Cancer Center opens with a radiation therapy machine model that is one of three worldwide
1973Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center (DHMC) established
1977Porous-coated cement-less hip implant developed
1981First continuous infusion pump to deliver pain management drugs implanted in a patient
1983Nation's first autologous bone marrow transplant for acute myeloid leukemia performed
1984Role of glucocorticoids (cortisone-like steroid hormones) in stress determined
1985Frameless stereotactic brain surgery developed, using computer guided imagery instead of frame attached to the head
1987Northern New England Cardiovascular Study Group, now a national model for improving cardiovascular disease care, created
1989First temperature sensitive mutants affecting respiration in any organism isolated, revealing new functions for respiratory genes
1989Center for the Evaluative Clinical Sciences (now the Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice) founded
1991Novel immune system communicator molecule, CD154, on helper T cells identified
1993Nations' first graduate program in evaluative clinical sciences established
1993Essential regulator of blood cell formation encoded by the most frequently rearranged genes in leukemia purified and cloned.
1994Key cholesterol metabolism gene (for ACAT enzyme) cloned
1995Mechanism for how light resets biological clocks discovered
1996Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care published, the first comprehensive documentation of patterns and variations in US medical practice
1996Innovative New Hampshire vocational program pioneered by DMS psychiatrists to place those with mental illness in jobs proves successful and becomes national model
2001Gene family of ultra small, micro RNA molecules discovered
2003Aspirin shown to reduce the risk of colon cancer precursor
2003First extensive study of health care disparities found more care is not necessarily better
2003Role of lipid and polyanionic cofactors in prion diseases discovered
2004New vitamin, nicotinamide riboside, discovered in a vital molecular pathway, and in milk
2004International Dartmouth-led clinical trial demonstrates successful cervical cancer vaccine
2006Landmark Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT) first determines that patients with severe back pain improve with and without surgery
2007VA study demonstrates effective therapy for women vets with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
2010The first Center for Health Care Delivery Science launches
2012Dartmouth Medical School renamed in honor of Audrey and Theodor Geisel.