Cells, Tissues, and Organs (CTO)

The Cells, Tissues and Organs (CTO) curriculum has an overarching objective of correlating the normal microscopic structure of cells, tissues and organs of the body with their normal functions and the consequences of disease. Cells and tissues are introduced early (the Foundations course) and discussions of organ structure/function relationships are initiated when those organs are being examined in organ system courses. Clinical cases are used to illustrate the clinical relevance of the material, particularly by describing the effects of pathology on the normal structure/function relationships of cells, tissues and organs. This is the initial step in understanding and applying the knowledge to pathology and pathophysiology.

Longitudinal Curriculum Leader

Rand S. Swenson, M.D., Ph.D.

Professor, Department of Medical Education
Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
HB 7100
Hanover NH 03755
Phone: 603-650-1157
Fax: 603-650-1637
Email: rand.s.swenson@dartmouth.edu

Longitudinal Curriculum Objectives

  1. Describe and explain the structure of the components of the cell.
  2. Explain the correlation between the structure and function of cell components, including organelles.
  3. Predict how dysfunction of cellular elements would affect cell appearance and function.
  4. Identify and describe the components of tissues.
  5. Explain the organization of tissue components and the correlation with function.
  6. Predict how dysfunction of tissue components would affect tissue appearance and function.
  7. Describe the tissue components of organs.
  8. Explain how cell and tissue organization contributes to organ function.
  9. Predict the effect of dysfunction of cellular or tissue elements on organ appearance and function.
  10. Differentiate organs and tissues by appearance.
  11. Predict the functional states of organs and tissues by appearance.
  12. Describe techniques and tools in study of the structure and function of cells, tissues and organs.
  13. Practice and demonstrate systematic problem-solving skills.
  14. Communicate cell, organ and tissue composition with fellow students and faculty.
  15. Work and communicate effectively within teams.
  16. Identify and fill gaps in knowledge and understanding while preparing for course sessions.