The Thesis Committee must certify that the student is ready to submit his/her thesis. The thesis will be submitted to the Thesis Committee and a date for the Defense seminar will be established. There must be at least 14 days between submission and defense to permit adequate review of the thesis. The seminar will be open to the public and will be widely announced. The Seminar will be followed by a defense of the thesis conducted by the Thesis Committee. Recommendations for awarding the Ph.D. degree will be made by the Director of PEMM upon the advice of the Thesis Committee.