Previous The Value of the Arts to Medicine and Well Being
The impact of the arts in the process of healing was recognized early on by Hippocrates, who understood the importance of uplifting his patients' spirits. Similarly, Galen would set his patients outside in the marketplace, enhancing their healing through contact with the sights and sounds of daily life. The value of a rich and uplifting environment to healing has since been documented in such research as Robert Ulrich's study: "Effects of Interior Design on Wellness: Theory and Recent Scientific Research" (Journal of Health Care Interior Design, 1991), which demonstrated that patients who
could view nature through their windows had shorter post-operative hospital stays, made negative comments less often, needed fewer doses of narcotics, and had fewer post-surgical complications.
Over the past 10 years, there has been a dramatic growth in the use of the arts in medicine - thanks to the pioneering work of Hospital Audiences, Inc., the Duke University Medical Center, the Planetree Hospitals, and the Society for the Arts in Healthcare, amongst others. This growth has taken place in hospitals, hospices, medical schools, and other centers of healing.