Year 2 MD Program Course Descriptions
SBM/Themes of SBM
Assorted themes (neoplasia, imaging, health care delivery and improvement, nutrition, genetics, pathology, pediatrics, etc.) that span and correlate with Year 2 learning will be introduced and discussed.
SBM/The Respiratory System
Students should emerge from the course with an understanding of the physiological and pathologic changes that occur in patients with a variety of respiratory diseases, and they should be able to correlate the pathological and physiological changes with the symptoms, signs, laboratory, pulmonary function, and radiological abnormalities that accompany lung disease. They should understand the role played by genetic, environmental, and socioeconomic factors in diseases such as cystic fibrosis, SIDS, COPD, and lung cancer, and they should be able to apply basic epidemiological principles to diseases such as lung cancer. Finally, students should begin to learn to piece together the various features of a patient’s illness to arrive at a list of the most likely diagnostic possibilities.
Introduction to Medical Pharmacology
Students will learn the fundamental principles of pharmacology (pharmaco-kinetics/pharmacodynamics), and the pharmacology of autonomic drugs, cardiovascular drugs, and drugs used to treat respiratory conditions.
SBM/The Cardiovascular System
Students will study the pathophysiology of common and major diseases of the cardiovascular organ system, their clinical presentations, and the various approaches for treatment.
Students will study the components of blood and their mechanics, and the management of related diseases and disorders.
Biological, psychological, and social models will be studied, as well as the psychological landmarks, behaviors, and developmental tasks typical of the various stages of the human life cycle. Students will learn about the functions of the brain as a regulator of emotional and somatic functions and the role of biologic and psychological functions of the brain in the genesis and maintenance of disorders. They will learn to recognize the major clinical systems, prevalence, theories of etiology, course and basic treatment approaches for the major psychiatric disorders.
SBM/The Nervous System
This course is an integrated neurology, neuroradiology, neuropathology course whose goal is to provide a broad exposure to the approach to patients with neurologic signs and symptoms. It includes study of basic neuroscience principles and recognition of neurologic presentations.
SBM/The Renal and Urinary System
Students will study the function of kidneys, fluids and electrolytes, and the common derangements of renal physiology and disease manifestations.
SBM/Metabolism, Diabetes, and the Endocrine System
Students will learn to recognize the metabolic and hormonal problems and mechanisms that underlie the clinical presentation in the major endocrine disease groups. The endocrine/metabolic systems examined will be diabetes, lipids, thyroid, calcium and bones, pituitary, adrenal, and weight regulation – including the normal physiology, the hormones involved, the causes and consequences of excess or deficiency of hormones, clinical manifestations, and general principles of therapy for the more common disorders.
SBM/The Gastrointestinal System
This course covers the basic anatomy and normal physiology of the GI Tract and all gastrointestinal organs, as well as the pathology and pathophysiology of the common gastrointestinal and hepatic disorders, and their diagnoses and management.
SBM/Bone, Connective Tissues, and the Musculoskeletal System
Students will study the current knowledge in the field of musculoskeletal medicine in order to address diagnostic and therapeutic questions in patient care. This course provides a broad introduction to musculoskeletal medicine by addressing degenerative and inflammatory conditions of joints, muscles and tendons, soft tissue and bone in both adults and children. Diagnostic testing and management of common musculoskeletal disorders will be covered.
This course concentrates on the skin, hair, nails, and mucous membrane structures and functions. Students will learn to recognized how dermatologic diseases and disorders present and approaches to treatment.
Students will study the basic concepts of the pathophysiology of reproduction, including sexual differentiation in-utero and development at puberty; reproductive failure; major complications of pregnancy, labor, delivery, and the postpartum state; and abnormal reproductive presentations.
The course covers common infectious disease syndromes, their presentations and their treatment.
On Doctoring II
OD II is a multi-dimensional course designed to assist the student in learning the fundamental skills required to develop into a competent, caring physician. These important skills, used by physicians on a daily basis include medical interviewing, physical examination, medical documentation and problem-solving, applying medical ethics and exemplifying professional behavior.
System-based Medical Pharmacology
Students will be taught the pharmacology relevant to neurology, psychiatry, endocrinology, reproductive biology, gastroenterology, musculoskeletal system, fluid and electrolyte balance, and infectious diseases. The emphasis is on clinically relevant medications, with particular emphasis on common medications. The ultimate goal is to provide Geisel School Year 2 students with the tools to:
- Become safe and effective practitioners, starting from their initial ward training and extending throughout their careers;
- Become proficient self-learners in medical pharmacology; and
- Prepare for success in the USMLE.