Year 1 MD Program Course Descriptions
Human Anatomy and Embryology I
Human Anatomy and Embryology (HAE) is the exploration, through technology and dissection, of the gross morphology and three-dimensional organization of the body and how it relates to normal function. Students also learn to recognize abnormal or altered anatomical structures as well as human development of these systems. Respect and reverence for body donors is foremost in the learning process.
Cells, Tissues, and Organs
The Cells, Tissues and Organs (CTO) course has an overarching objective of correlating the microscopic structure of the tissues and organs of the body with the gross structures that are being explored in Human Anatomy and Embryology (HAE). Therefore, there is a high degree of correlation between these courses. The course begins with a general discussion of cell structure and function and proceeds to develop an appreciation for collections of specialized cells and their surrounding intercellular substance (tissues). Discussions of organs, and their structure/function relationship are initiated when those organs are being examined in HAE. Each class begins with a clinical case that will be explained by aspects of the material being presented that day. Additional examples of how pathology can alter the normal structure/function relationships of cells, tissues and organs are used to illustrate the importance of this understanding as necessary to the later appreciation of pathology.
Biochemical and Genetic Basis of Medicine
Biochemical and Genetic Basis of Medicine is designed to provide students with a foundation in biochemistry, cell and molecular biology, and genetics, as well as to introduce students to how those concepts apply to clinical medicine. The topics covered in the course are varied and include protein structure and function, nucleic acid metabolism, gene expression, recombinant DNA technology, protein targeting, signal transduction, cell cycle, the molecular basis of cancer, and introductions to the concepts and methods of human genetics as they apply to medical practice. The main objective of this course is to assure that each student has the foundation to understand how pathological changes alter the normal structure/function relationships of cells, tissues and organs.
Medical Physiology I (Respiratory and Cardiovascular)
The purpose of both of the Medical Physiology courses is to help first year medical students acquire an understanding of the fundamental organization and functions of each of several major organ systems and of the integration and interactions of these systems with one another. The integrated goal is to comprehend natural processes and to observe how these processes enable the individual to adapt and survive in the face of changing needs and resources. The emphasis is on understanding mechanisms rather than on memorizing details, but sufficient detail must be included to serve as a basis for later understanding of abnormal function and its consequences in disease states and for understanding rational therapy with drugs and other interventions. The major subjects included in the courses are the cardiovascular and respiratory systems (Fall Term), and renal and endocrine systems (Winter Term). Neurophysiology, which was formerly a part of Medical Physiology, is integrated with Neuroanatomy in the Neuroscience course in the Spring Term. Gastrointestinal physiology is presented in the second year as part of the Scientific Basis of Medicine.
Human Anatomy and Embryology II
HAE II is a continuation of and more in-depth study of the principles explored in HAE I.
Immunology and Virology
Immunology explores the immune system, the strategies of recognition of infectious agents used by the immune system; the interaction of components of the innate and adaptive immune systems; the key cellular and molecular components of the immune response and how they function; the undesirable effects of immune responses and the mechanisms of their development; the immune system and how it is modulated by clinical therapies to combat disease; and the consequences of deficiencies in the immune system, and the approaches to their correction.
Subjects covered in Year 1 Virology include the sorts of diseases and how viruses cause them; the spread of viruses from person to person through the population; the prevention of diseases by public health measures (example flush toilets), passive immunization, live vaccines, killed vaccines, and chemotherapy; the nature of the virus that causes the disease; and the features of the virus that can serve to address the prevention options.
Metabolic Basis of Disease
This course explores the principles of biochemistry and metabolism in the context of human biology and provides an understanding of the molecular basis of specific human diseases. This course is designed to fit with and complement other courses in the first and second year curriculum. Emphasis is placed on integration of biochemical, physiological and medical aspects of metabolic diseases. Through small-group literature discussion sessions, students develop critical evaluation and life-long learning skills.
Medical Physiology II (Endocrinology and Renal)
Medical Physiology II is a continuation of Medical Physiology I, providing a more advanced and in-depth understanding of the fundamental organization and functions of each of several major organ systems and of the integration and interactions of these systems with one another. The emphasis in this course is on the physiology of the endocrine and renal systems.
Course Objectives (Endocrinology)
Course Objectives (Renal)
Medical neuroscience is an integrated course that is designed to introduce elements of neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, neuropharmacology, with illustrations from neuropathology and clinical neurology. Lectures use frequent clinical examples and much of neuroanatomy is taught through extended team-based learning exercises and jigsaw sessions. There are guided topographic and cross-sectional anatomy labs with strong emphasis on correlation with normal radiographic anatomy. Student proficiency is assessed through quizzes and written exams (including a practical exam component), as well as performance in the team-based learning exercise.
The "Basic Science of Microbial Disease" course explores the basic biology of bacteria and fungi that cause disease, the epidemiology of each microbial disease, how diseases caused by microbes are acquired, how microbes evade host defenses, how impaired host defenses lead to specific microbial diseases, how microbial diseases are diagnosed, the bases for how specific vaccines work, and the principles of antibacterial and antifungal therapy. The course directors strive, through the laboratory portion of the course, to provide an interactive learning experience using clinical correlations regarding diagnosis and therapy that reinforce the concepts in the basic biology of microbes delivered in the lecture portion of the course, understand and perform the necessary clinical laboratory procedures that lead to successful patient care, and introduce problem solving by making therapeutic decisions using example cases, and by working as teams to propose and perform the proper tests for identifying pathogenic microbes causing infections in case studies.
This course explores the basic pathophysiological mechanisms: developmental malformation, cell injury, circulatory abnormalities, coagulation problems, inflammation, wound healing, infectious organisms, immunological disorders, neoplasia, environmental diseases and forensic pathology. The overall goal is to give student the ability to understand, recognize and apply the vocabulary and concepts of pathophysiology and histopathological processes to the spectrum of human illnesses. It is an essential prerequisite to their work in the SBM curriculum of the second medical school year.
Biostatistics and Epidemiology
Biostatistics and Epidemiology prepares students to follow advances in medical treatment, technology, and prevention strategies; interpret the results of the latest medical research; apply their interpretation to treating patients and keeping them healthy; understand the interpretation and limitations of tests used for screening and diagnosis, and the processes used to evaluate health outcomes. The first step in this process is learning about the methods underlying medical technology and research. The overall objective is to introduce students to the scientific method as it relates to studies conducted in humans, where associations and effects are often obscured by random variation. The emphasis is on the interpretation of this method in the context of clinically relevant data, the understanding of various study designs, and the analysis methods used to evaluate the resulting quantitative data. After completing this course, students will be able to understand the methodologic issues associated with screening, diagnosis and treatment, and to critically read published medical studies, identifying the research design used, quantitatively evaluating the effects seen in the data, and interpreting the study results with respect to its advantages and limitations.
On Doctoring I
The On Doctoring Year I course is a multi-dimensional course designed to introduce Year I students to the skills, knowledge, and attitudes that are fundamental to clinical medicine. On Doctoring is the first exposure to clinical medicine through a focus on physical examination (medical knowledge, personal inquiry and improvement of personal practice), patient interviewing (communication skills), and practical experience in the clinical community (patient care, professional identity, and science of health care systems). The course has multiple components: large and small group sessions, interviewing and physical exam and diagnosis with standardized patients, and work in a preceptor's office and medical community.
The Fundamentals of Health Care Delivery Sciences
The Fundamentals of the HCDS seminar series will provide a broad-based foundation for students in the domains of health care delivery.